Higher Education in Germany

Germany has hundreds of educational institutions and universities offering advanced bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees and other types of professional and vocational certification. The universities also have numerous research programs for doctoral and post-doctoral studies. There are state-run universities, private universities, and cooperative universities as well as other schools offering various course studies on full time and part time basis. The tuition fees are low or completely free in all the government universities for the entire bachelor’s degree program and the consecutive master’s degree program.

Bachelor’s Degree

This is the first level of education offered by any university in Germany. It consists of six to eight semesters in which the students can learn the fundamental basics of the particular area they choose. A bachelor’s degree from Germany is widely accepted and appreciated in the international market. The students can go for a professional career or higher studies after completing their bachelor’s degree.

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees at universities and equivalent institutions of higher education as well as at universities of applied sciences:

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.)
  • Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.)

The following designations are used for Bachelor’s degrees at colleges of art and music:

  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (B.F.A.)
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
  • Bachelor of Music (B.Mus.)

The following designation is used for Bachelor’s degrees given in the course of initial teacher training:

  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)

Master’s Degree

This is the second level of education offered by any university in Germany. The students should have to complete their bachelor’s degree successfully before applying for the master’s degree. It consists of two to four semesters in which the students will learn deeply about their specified area. The universities allow their students to do different kinds of internships as a part of their degree program in which they will work in Industrial sectors. After completing the master’s degree, students can either go for professional careers or they can do doctoral studies in Germany.

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at universities and equivalent institutions of higher education:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Master of Engineering (M.Eng.)
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.)
  • Master of Education (M.Ed.)

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at colleges of art and music:

  • Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A.)
  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Music (M.Mus.)

The following designations are used for Master’s degrees in consecutive Master’s study courses at universities of applied sciences:

  • Master of Arts (M.A.)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Master of Engineering (M.Eng.)
  • Master of Laws (LL.M.)

The Doctorate

The students have to choose a very specific field to research for their doctoral studies. Then the students have to complete their research on a specific topic successfully and write a research paper. Students will be awarded the doctoral title Ph.D. on the successful completion of the program. The duration of the program will vary from two to six years based on the topic chosen.